by Joanna Klonsky
CHICAGO, IL: A few days after Barack Obama’s election in November, a group of young people from his hometown gather on the campus of DePaul University, excitedly discussing their plans to improve the city’s policies toward youth violence. They are not a college activist organization—rather, these high schoolers are part of the Mikva Challenge’s Youth Safety Council, an initiative designed to give Chicago’s teens a voice in a policy discussion that profoundly impacts their daily lives.
“Throughout my high school years, I would say I lost a majority of my friends to gun violence, to drug violence or just fighting for no apparent reason,” says Jimmy Wilson, 17, a junior at Chicago Christian Academy. “That happening affected me to the point where I told myself that something must be done to stop this.”
In the 2007-2008 school year, more than 30 Chicago Public Schools students were killed violently. Last summer, the Youth Safety Council worked to create a report, based on its own research and surveys, containing a series of policy recommendations for decreasing the violence that has been so rampant in Chicago in recent years.
A New Generation of Activists
The Youth Safety Council is just one of an array of programs for young political activists under the umbrella of the Mikva Challenge, a non-profit organization founded in 1997 by former White House Counsel, judge and Congressman Abner Mikva, with his wife, activist Zoe Mikva. In total, about 4,800 young people in about 75 schools participate in one of the organization’s programs.
The mission of Mikva Challenge is to “develop the next generation of civil leaders, policy makers, candidates and activists,” says Executive Director Brian Brady. “Their thinking was that basically middle class and upper class kids’ parents bring them into campaigns, and they volunteer and that gets them interested, but that lower income kids really didn’t get this chance, because they couldn’t afford it or they really weren’t connected. Out of this concept we quickly realized that experiential learning and getting students out of the classroom had other educational ramifications that teachers and students were hungry for.”
More than ten years later, the program has expanded beyond electoral participation programs to include youth policy making councils—the Youth Safety Council, the Teen Health Council and a council devoted to educational policy. In addition, Mikva Challenge sponsors Peace and Leadership Councils based in schools across the city to help advise principals on making their schools more peaceful, supportive environments. But in 2008, activity around elections and other political happenings remained at the center of the organization’s focus.
Elections in Action
Students in the Mikva Challenge’s Elections in Actions program had a busy 2008. Ashley Williams, a sophomore at Bowen High School’s New Millennium School of Health, is a case in point. She interned at State Senator Kwame Raoul’s office over the summer, and she attended the Democratic National Convention (DNC) in August with other Mikva Challenge youth. The program is “like a big family,” Ashley says.
Through the program, 60 students traveled in January 2008 to witness the New Hampshire primary. Some 50 more headed to the Iowa Caucuses, and others attended the 2008 DNC, all to get a closer view of the nuts and bolts of the U.S. political process. And in January 2009, 26 Mikva youth went to Washington, D.C., to witness the inauguration of the first African-American president.
The training and political awareness learned in Mikva Challenge have clearly stuck with many of the program’s graduates as well. Mikva alumni were working on campaigns in the 2008 elections around the country, in places like Ohio, Missouri, Iowa and Minnesota.
Through Mikva’s Student Judge Project, some 2,500 high school juniors and seniors served as election judges throughout Chicago on Election Day. Mark Ford, 18, served as an election judge on November 4, and went along on the trip to the New Hampshire primary. He got involved in Mikva Challenge three years ago, when a teacher encouraged him to join. “I didn’t know nothing about politics, so I went to an event at Mikva Challenge. I liked what they was doing,” he says.
Ford began volunteering for Chicago Alderman Sandi Jackson, and took his first trip to Illinois’ capital city of Springfield. Just a few months ago, after three years of activism through the organization, Ford joined the Youth Safety Council, and began to get involved in the Mikva Challenge’s policy arm.
Youth as Policy Makers
Mikva Challenge students all seem to agree—participating in the program has made them think more seriously about the political process and how it relates specifically to their own lives. In a city where the murder rate is sky high, almost all of the Youth Safety Council members have been personally affected, or know someone who has been affected by violence. “I know a lot of people that died, so, that’s why I wanted to try to get into this safety thing,” says Ford.
Since the publication of its report last summer, the Youth Safety Council has met with top city officials to promote their policy ideas, including representatives from Mayor Richard Daley’s office and from the Chicago Public Schools. The officials “were fired up about the students’ recommendations,” says Brian Brady.
The policy teams don’t just walk into meetings with some of the city’s most important policy makers without preparation. They undergo extensive leadership training, team building, and learn to facilitate meetings.
“People are scared to push ideas with the mayor really aggressively,” says Brady. Through the youth policy councils, Brady says, the students are “the charge” that might allow city officials to be “more aggressive in their policy.”
By giving the Youth Safety Council an audience, the city’s representatives gave the youth “a chance to be heard, and to be understood—that ‘we know what we are going through. Now you need to know,’” says LaToya Reeves, 17, a senior at Orr Academy High School.
For Debbie Marian De Lara, a senior at Josephinum Academy, who came to the United States from the Philippines just over a year ago, Mikva Challenge has been life changing. She went to the New Hampshire primary election in January 2008, the Republican National Convention in August and in the summer worked for Chicago Alderman Tom Tunney, an experience which she says helped develop her communication skills. Mikva Challenge “made my American dream possible,” says De Lara. “It catalyzed my dream to become a real political participant.”
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“There’s a radical—and wonderful—new idea here… that all children could and should be inventors of their own theories, critics of other people’s ideas, analyzers of evidence, and makers of their own personal marks on the world.”
– Deborah Meier, educator
LEARN MORE ABOUT THE
The Education Council (formerly the Youth Innovation Fund) is composed of 15 youth from 16 high schools and advises the CEO of Chicago Public Schools. Education Council members also convene and train both youth and adults on issues including security in Chicago Public Schools, creating successful youth-adult partnerships and empowering students to improve their schools.
Read the Education Council's most recent report on improving student-teacher relationships presented to all CPS high school principals in August, 2008:
Student Teacher Relationships Report.pdf (169 KB)
Read the Education Council's report, "Our Schools, Our Communities, Our Solutions: Establishing Safe and Healthy Schools," presented to CPS CEO Arne Duncan in 2007:
Safe and Healthy Schools Report.pdf (249 KB)
Formed in the summer of 2008, the Teen Health Council meets weekly to research, debate and report on policy recommendations that significantly impact youth on issues ranging from nutrition to mental and sexual health. The Teen Health Council works in collaboration with the Chicago Department of Children and Youth Services.
Read their initial report on teen health recommendations:
Youth Health Council Report.pdf (149 KB)
The Youth Safety Council focuses on ways to decrease violence in Chicago schools and communities by promoting youth safety. Through intensive research on the root causes of violence, the 11 students on the Safety Council seek to make youth part of the solution, and not an obstacle, to decreasing violence in Chicago.
Read their policy recommendations on youth safety:
Mikva Challenge Youth Safety Council 2008 Summer Report (689 KB)
Issues to Action
In Issues to Action, over 1100 students from 24 high schools engage in civic action projects that address local issues and advocate for policy change. Students identify issues in their communities and learn about local government and the political process through research, analysis and the creation of action plans that tackle these issues. Students involved in this program attend a Youth Activism Conference to gain essential advocacy skills and present their final action projects at an annual Civics Fair.
Below is the six-step process that students follow in the ITA program:
Six Steps Issues To Action.pdf (17 KB)